GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY: Unit IV. Darfur 2 of 6

Current History
 




Sudan had been embroiled in a brutal 20-year civil war between the primarily Muslim north and the Christian and Animist south when, in 2004, the two sides reached a peace agreement. However, the celebration of the peace agreement was overshadowed by reports coming out of the Sudanese province of western Darfur that atrocities were being committed against civilians by government-backed militias.


South Sudan became an independent country on July 9, 2011. Violence continued, keeping some Sudanese refugees
from returning to their homelands.





How far should a government go to defend itself against armed rebels?

If leaders such as Colin Powell and George W. Bush have asserted that genocide is occurring in the Sudan, how has the US fulfilled its obligations under the Genocide Convention?


BBC World News: Sudan’s Shadowy Arab Militia
CBS News, 60 Minutes: Witnessing Genocide in Sudan
CRS Report — Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur & Status of North-South Peace Agreement 2007
Documenting Atrocities in Darfur
Genocide Convention
US Holocaust Memorial Museum: Voices on Genocide Prevention
Who are the Janjaweed?