RESOURCES  
 
Web Links

This page has all the websites mentioned in this site:

  • General sites
  • Unit sites by page number
  • Lesson Plan sites from the last page of each unit

Click to download Adobe Reader for opening PDF files.

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
General

McRel Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks
    http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/search.asp
        Civics
            http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=14
        Geography
            http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=8
        Language Arts
            http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=7
        United States History
            http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=5
        World History
            http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=6
Nebraska Social Studies Standards
    http://www.education.ne.gov/SS/

Amnesty International UK Teaching Resources (must register to access)
    http://www.amnesty.org.uk/content.asp?CategoryID=301
United Nations Human Richts
    Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
    http://www2.ohchr.org/english/
The Choices Program
    Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University
    http://www.choices.edu/index.cfm
Database on Human Rights Education (guides, books: some online, some for purchase)
    http://www.unhchr.ch/hredu.nsf/M06En?OpenForm&Start=30&Count=1000&ExpandView
Ease History, Michigan State University (a rich learning environment that supports learning US history by connecting historical events, campaign ads, & core democratic values)
    http://www.easehistory.org/
Human Rights 101 (project-based site)
    http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/hr101/index.html
Idaho’s History of Human Rights (with lesson plans)
    http://www.idaho-humanrights.org
National Council for the Social Studies Teaching Resources
    http://www.socialstudies.org/resources/
Nebraska Studies (NET/NDE website with Nebraska History on timeline and by topic)
    http://www.nebraskastudies.org
PBS America Responds (to 9/11) Lesson Plans
    http://www.pbs.org/americaresponds/educators.html
United Nations Knowing Your Human Rights (Kit for Middle and High School)
    http://www.un.org/geninfo/faq/humanrights/hrights.htm
United Nations News and Media
    http://www.unmultimedia.org/
Teaching About the UN: Resources
    http://www.un.org/geninfo/faq/factsheets/FS21.HTM
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    http://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/Pages/Introduction.aspx
    http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
    http://www.udhr.org/history/overview.htm
    UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
    http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/links/curricula.html
University of Minnesota Human Rights Education Handbook
     http://www.hrea.org/erc/Library/display_doc.php?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww1.umn.edu
%2Fhumanrts%2Fedumat%2Fhreduseries%2Fhrhandbook%2Ftoc.html&external=N
US Bill of Rights
    http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights.html
    BillOfRights.pdf
US Declaration of Independence
    http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html
    DeclarationOfIndependence.pdf
Future State: Parents and Educators, US Department of State for Youth
    http://future.state.gov/educators/lessons/

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit I. Why Do We Need Human Rights?

Page 1 of 6  A Case to Consider
REMEMBRANCE (60th Anniversary of Liberation of Auschwitz) aired 01/27/05 on "The PBS NewsHour"
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/remember/jan-june05/auschwitz_01-27.html
Nazi Photos Outside Death Camp: Album Found
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/europe/auschwitz/
Anne Frank, Lessons in Human Rights and Dignity
    http://www.sptimes.com/annefrank/
Anne Frank, The Writer
    http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/af/htmlsite/
Frontline: Memory of the Camps Transcript
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/camp/campscript.html
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    http://www.ushmm.org/
Remember Images
    http://remember.org/image/
Shoah: Holocaust Links
    http://www.iusb.edu/ñshoah/page3.html

Page 2 of 6  Human Rights as a Means to Human Dignity
Human Rights in Action
    http://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/humanrights/index.asp

Page 3 of 6  The Tyranny of States
Amnesty International
    http://www.amnesty.org/
Human Rights News: Uzbekistan
    http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2002/08/09/uzbekistan-two-brutal-deaths-custody
Human Rights Watch
    http://www.hrw.org/
Muslim Uzbekistan
    http://muslimuzbekistan.net/en/index.php
Eurasianet.org: Conviction of 62-Year-Old Mother
    http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/rights/articles/eav021704.shtml
Rummel, R.J., 1994. Death by Government. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
    http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE1.HTM
Giles, Whittell,"A powder keg that is about to explode", The Times (UK)
    http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,7-1065098,00.html

Page 4 of 6  The Lessons of History
Afghanistan Today: Civil War and Human Rights
    http://www.pbs.org/americaresponds/afghanistantoday.html
Crimes of War Project Sierra Leone Magazine, February 2001
    http://www.crimesofwar.org/archive/archive-sierracase.html
Encyclopaedia Britannica: Civil War in Sierra Leone
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/543356/Sierra-Leone/274792/Civil-war
Mamdani, Mahmood, 2001. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    http://www.pupress.princeton.edu/chapters/s7027.html
Park, Linda Sue, 2002. When My Name Was Keoko. New York, NY: Houghlin Mifflin Company.
     http://www.lspark.com/books/keoko.html

Page 5 of 6  Cultural Oppressions
Amnesty International It’s in Our Hands: Stop Violence Against Women
    http://www.amnestyusa.org/women/document.do?id=420B9277A316E3B280256E3900688792
Amnesty International, Pakistan: Violence Against Women in the Name of Honour, September 22, 1999, AI INDEX: ASA 33/017/1999
     http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA33/017/1999/en/5d9201f4-e0f2-11dd-be39-2d4003be4450/asa330171999en.pdf
Pakistanis Slam Police Brutality Against Women Runners
    http://www.islamonline.org/English/News/2005-05/15/article04.shtml
PAKISTAN: Women Face Their Own Crisis
    http://www.hrw.org/en/news/1999/10/19/pakistan-women-face-their-own-crisis

Page 6 of 6  Now What Do You Think?
Amnesty International UK Teaching Resources (must register to access)
    http://www.amnesty.org.uk/content.asp?CategoryID=301
Human Rights Education Handbook, University of Minnesota (lesson plans)
     http://www.hrea.org/erc/Library/display_doc.php?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww1.umn.edu%2Fhumanrts
%2Fedumat%2Fhreduseries%2Fhrhandbook%2Ftoc.html&external=N
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
What is Globalization?
    http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/trade/a/whatisgz.htm
Glossary of Affirmative Action Terms
    http://www.sunysb.edu/diversity/Glossary.html
Human Rights Developments
     http://abc.net.au/civics/rights/enter.htm
Michigan Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act
    http://www.michigan.gov/documents/act_453_elliott_larsen_8772_7.pdf
The Choices Program: Considering the Role of Values in Public Policy
    http://www.choices.edu/additional_materials.cfm?id=9
PBS: 100 Days of Slaughter (with link to Pres. Clinton's Apology Speech, Kigali, Rwanda, March 25, 1998)
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/evil/etc/slaughter.html
Clinton’s Speech on PBS Frontline
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/evil/etc/script.html
Clinton’s Speech on PBS Online NewsHour
    http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/africa/jan-june98/rwanda_3-25.html
Interview With Iranian Nobel Prize Winner Shirin Ebadi
     http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/iran/ebadi.html

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit II. What are Human Rights and Where Do They Come From?

Page 1 of 15  A Case to Consider
YUGOSLAVIA IN TRANSITION (10/11/00 on PBS "The NewsHour"
    http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/yugoslavia/july-dec00/transition_10-10.html
History.com: Cold War Overview
    http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/
PBS NewsHour: A New Constitution for Bosnia (and Background)
    http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/bosnia/july-dec05/holbrooke_11-22.html
UNHCR and ICRC in the former Yugoslavia: Bosnia-Herzegovina
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList98/9CD5B03C2384F8FCC1256B6600608F5B

Page 2 of 15  Introduction
Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights, Switzerland
     http://www.ohchr.org/
United Nations
     http://www.un.org/english/

Page 3 of 15  Human Rights as Moral Rights
European Enlightenment
     http://www.wsu.edu:8080/ñbrians/hum_303/enlightenment.html
Magna Carta from The British Library
     http://www.bl.uk/collections/treasures/magna.html
PBS Frontline: The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela
     http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/prison/
The Declaration of the Rights of Man (pdf file)

Page 4 of 15  John Locke and Human Rights
The Second Treatise of Civil Government
     http://www.constitution.org/jl/2ndtreat.htm
John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government
     http://oll.libertyfund.org/ToC/0057.php

Page 5 of 15  John Locke’s Dilemma
John Locke
     http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.html

Page 6 of 15  John Locke and Liberalism
Liberalism by F. A. Hayek
     http://www.angelfire.com/rebellion/oldwhig4ever/
The Rise, Decline, and Reemergence of Classical Liberalism by Amy H. Sturgis
     http://www.belmont.edu/lockesmith/liberalism_essay/the_rise1.html
The Soul of Classical Liberalism by James Buchanan
     http://www.independent.org/publications/tir/article.asp?issueID=21&articleID=246

Page 7 of 15  Translating Moral Rights into National Law
Europe in Retrospect: The French Revolution
     http://www.britannia.com/history/euro/1/2_1.html
Fullerton: The French Revolution
     http://faculty.fullerton.edu/nfitch/history110b/rev.html
The History Guide: Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History — Thomas Paine
     http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/paine.html
PBS: Freedom, A History of the US — Revolution
     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web02/

Page 8 of 15  The American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence, and the Bill of Rights
The US Bill of Rights
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights.html
     BillOfRights.pdf
The US Declaration of Independence
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html
     DeclarationOfIndependence.pdf

Page 9 of 15  The French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
     http://www.hrcr.org/docs/frenchdec.html
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
     http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/Rousseau-soccon.html
The Social Contract
     http://www.constitution.org/jjr/socon.htm

Page 10 of 15  Making Rights Universal: Liberty and Freedom on the International Scene
1915 Armenian Genocide
     http://www.genocide1915.info/
Covenant of the League of Nations
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/leagcov.asp
The 1929 Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War
     http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/305?OpenDocument
League of Nations
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations
Woodrow Wilson
     http://www.americanpresident.org/history/woodrowwilson/

Page 11 of 15  The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations
     http://www.un.org/english/
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
     http://www.udhr.org/history/overview.htm
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf

Page 12 of 15 The Importance of the Holocaust
The History Place: Genocide in the 20th Century
     http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/holocaust.htm
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
     http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005143

Page 13 of 15  Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms
Britannica Encyclopedia: FDR
     http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9109502
Four Freedoms and Norman Rockwell’s Posters
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/powers_of_persuasion/four_freedoms/four_freedoms.html
Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms Audio
     http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/fdrthefourfreedoms.htm
Official White House site: FDR
     http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/fr32.html
Time: Franklin D. Roosevelt bu Doris Kearns Goodwin
     http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,993021,00.html

Page 14 of 15  Rights for Peace, Not Just Dignity
Britannica: Kant
     http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9108443
Philosophy of Immanuel Kant
     http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08603a.htm
Kant’s Works
     http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt
&staticfile=show.php%3Fperson=3779&Itemid=28

Page 15 of 15  Now What Do You Think?
Magna Carta from The British Library
     http://www.bl.uk/collections/treasures/magna.html
English Petition of Right
     http://www.constitution.org/eng/petright.htm
English Bill of Rights
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/england.asp
Declaration of Independence
     DeclarationOfIndependence.pdf
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html
US Constitution
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html
US Bill of Rights
     BillOfRights.pdf
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights.html
US Constitutional Amendments 11 - 27
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html
Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet)
     http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95nov/voltaire.html
Voltaire’s Philosophical Dictionary
     http://history.hanover.edu/texts/voltaire/volindex.html
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
     http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/Rousseau-soccon.html
Rousseau’s The Social Contract
     http://www.constitution.org/jjr/socon.htm
John Locke
     http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.html
Locke’s The Second Treatise of Civil Government
     http://www.constitution.org/jl/2ndtreat.htm
John Locke: Chapter 2. The State of Nature
     Locke_Chapter2.pdf
Great Voyages, The History of Western Philosophy
     http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/hobbes/leviathan-contents.htm
Thomas Hobbes
     http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/hobbes.html
Hobbes’ Moral and Political Philosophy
     http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
     http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
Oath of the Tennis Court
     http://www.ackland.org/art/exhibitions/reasonfantasy/ltwa3.htm
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
     http://www.hrcr.org/docs/frenchdec.html
French Constitution of 1791
     http://sourcebook.fsc.edu/history/constitutionof1791.html
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (IrinNews.org)
     http://www.irinnews.org/
Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University.
A More Perfect Union: Shaping American Government (pdf file)
    http://www.choices.edu/resources/documents/resourcebook_09.pdf

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit III. Human Rights in International Law

Page 1 of 7  A Case to Consider
REMEMBERING THE PAST, aired 04/09/04 on PBS "The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer" (scroll down this page)
     http://vsx.onstreammedia.com/vsx/newshour/search/search?query74=2004-04-09&query_field74=vlabel_
Date&query_op74=eq&pageSize=999&search_type=VIR_CAT_CLIP&query75=Public&query_
field75=clabel_Access&query_op75=must_contain
Genocide: A Word Is a Word Is a Word
     http://www.pbs.org/pov/discoveringdominga/special_excerpt.php
Nuremberg Trials
     http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/subsequenttrials.html
Reagan’s Address on Genocide Convention Implementation Act of 1987
     http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1079/is_n2142_v89/ai_7018358

Page 2 of 7  Introduction
United Nations: International Law
     http://www.un.org/law/
International Committee of the Red Cross
     http://www.icrc.org

Page 3 of 7  Main Sources of International Law
International Court of Justice
     http://globalpolicy.org/international-justice/the-international-court-of-justice.html
ICRC: Treaties and customary international humanitarian law
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList2/Humanitarian_law:
Treaties_and_customary_law?OpenDocument
NAFTA
     http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org/en/view.aspx

Page 4 of 7  Human Rights Treaties and Their Purpose
About the OAS
     http://www.oas.org/en/about/who_we_are.asp
Council of Europe
     http://www.coe.int/T/E/Human_rights/

Page 5 of 7  Main Human Rights Treaties
ICCPR (Civil and Political Rights)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm
ICESCR (Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm
CEDAW (Women’s Rights)
     http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/
CRC (Rights of the Child)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm
Convention Against Torture
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cat.htm
CERD (Racial Discrimination)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cerd.htm
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
Apartheid Convention (word document)
     http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/CHR/resolutions/E-CN_4-RES-1993-10.doc
Child Labor Convention
     http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/ratification/convention/text.htm
Migrant Workers Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cmw.htm
Slavery Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/slavery.htm

Page 6 of 7  Treaties and Sovereignty
US Senate: Treaties
     http://www.senate.gov/reference/reference_index_subjects/Treaties_vrd.htm
Wikipedia: USA Patriot Act
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA_PATRIOT_Act

Page 7 of 7  Now What Do You Think?
United States Constitution
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html
United States Bill of Rights
     BillOfRights.pdf
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights.html
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
     http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
International Covenant on Economics, Social, and Cultural Rights
     http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php-URL_ID=12783&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm
Speak Truth to Power: Defenders
     http://www.speaktruth.org/
Frontline: The World’s Most Wanted Man
     http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/karadzic/bosnia/eindex.html
Washington Report on Middle East Affairs: Britain and Its Allies Stall U.N. Probe of Serb Atrocities
     http://www.washington-report.org/backissues/0395/9503014.htm

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit IV. International Humanitarian Law

Page 1 of 5  A Case to Consider
Exploring Humanitarian Law: Forced from Home a student film)
     http://www.ehl.icrc.org/index.php?option=com_content
§ionid=2&task=view&hidemainmenu=1&id=219
Henry Dunant
     http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1901/dunant-bio.html
Humanitarian Law University of Minnesota
     http://www.hrea.org/learn/guides/ihl.html
International Committee of the Red Cross
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList2/About_the_ICRC:Discover_the_ICRC
Exploring Humanitarian Law (International Committee of the Red Cross)
     http://www.ehl.icrc.org
Accountability in War (ICRC)
    http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/review-869-p5/
Ivorian Children Look at War and the Law
    http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/calender-abidjan

Page 2 of 5  The Purpose of International Humanitarian Law
ICC statutes
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/icrc-statutes-080503
Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Courts Martial
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/features/jan-june04/courtmartial_5-19.html
The My Lai Courts-Martial
     http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mylai/mylai.htm
PBS: The My Lai Massacre
     http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/mylai/
Treatment of Prisoners of War
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POW

Page 3 of 5  International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Laws
ICRC: International Humanitarian Law
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList2/Humanitarian_law?OpenDocument
The Law of Armed Conflict: Basic Knowledge (pdf file)
     http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/5P8EX4/$File/LAW1_final.pdf
International Humanitarian Law — Comparison between Geneva and Hague Law
     IHL-Geneva_Hague.pdf

Page 4 of 5  Ratification of International Humanitarian Treaties
International Committee of the Red Cross
     http://www.icrc.org/eng
Crimes of War Project
     http://www.crimesofwar.org/

Page 5 of 5  Now What Do You Think?
Manheim, Mary H., 1999. The Bone Lady: Life As a Forensic Anthropologist. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
     http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3659/is_200106/ai_n8973758
Hague Law
     Part of International Humanitarian Law: http://www.hrea.org/index.php?doc_id=415
     Full Text: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp
Customary International Humanitarian Law: Questions and Answers
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList133/E02D32D1A4976030C1256FEB005007A1
Peace Treaty of Versailles
     http://www.lib.byu.edu/ñrdh/wwi/versailles.html
Wilson’s Fourteen Points
     http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/President_Wilson%27s_Fourteen_Points
Atlantic Charter
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/atlantic.asp
New York Times: Overview: The Iraq War
     http://www.nytimes.com/ref/timestopics/topics_iraq.html
GlobalSecurity: Kurdistan — Kurdish Conflict
     http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/kurdistan.htm
Human Rights Watch: Genocide in Iraq, The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds
     http://www.hrw.org/reports/1993/iraqanfal/
Human Rights Watch: International Humanitarian Law Issues in a Potential War in Iraq
     http://hrw.org/backgrounder/arms/iraq0202003.htm
Geneva Law on POW Rights
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/geneva03.asp
Sample POW stories
     World War II Stories: http://www.pegasusarchive.org/pow/story.htm
     John McCain in Vietnam:
http://politics.usnews.com/news/articles/2008/01/28/john-mccain-prisoner-of-war-a-first-person-account.html
Sample civilian victims in war stories
     Iraq http://www.news24.com/News24/World/Iraq/0,,2-10-1460_1691575,00.html
     Iraq http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/04/24/iraq/main690435.shtml
     Vietnam http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3798581.stm
     WWII "Comfort Women" http://www.asianweek.com/2000_05_11/ae_comfortwomenfilm.html

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit V. International Human Rights in the Domestic US Context

Page 1 of 7  A Case to Consider
Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Optional Protocols
     http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/17843.pdf
Associated Press: Rights of Foreigners on Death Row Examined (pdf file)
     http://www.floridacapitalcases.state.fl.us/Enewsletter/2005%20Articles%20April&Sep/april-1.pdf
BBC: Gap and Nike: No Sweat
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/panorama/archive/970385.stm
Death Penalty Information Center: Foreign Nationals and the Death Penalty in the US
     http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/foreign-nationals-and-death-penalty-us
MSNBC: Justices to review foreigners on death row
     http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6692946/
PBS: No Sweat: Labor’s Pains
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business/jan-june97/sweatshops_4-14.html

Page 2 of 7  Introduction
UN International Human Rights Treaties: Basic International Rules
     http://www.bayefsky.com/complain/4_rules.php

Page 3 of 7  Human Rights Treaties Becoming Part of US Law
Finding US Law in Treaties
     http://indylaw.indiana.edu/library/resources/Treaties.htm
International Agreements and US Law
     http://www.asil.org/insigh10.cfm

Page 4 of 7  Human Rights Treaties Becoming Part of US Law: Q & A
ICCPR
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm
Parties to the Rome Statute
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ASP/states+parties/
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
     http://untreaty.un.org/cod/icc/index.html
The United States and the International Criminal Court
     http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/icc/us.htm
US RUDs for Treaty for the Rights of Women (pdf file)
     http://www.globalsolutions.org/files/general/RUDS_Package_2002.pdf

Page 5 of 7  Human Rights Treaties Becoming Part of US Law: Ratification
Reservations to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
     http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/human_rights_quarterly/v018/18.2schabas.html
Amnesty International: CEDAW (not signed by US)
     http://www.amnestyusa.org/violence-against-women/
ratify-the-treaty-for-the-rights-of-women-cedaw/page.do?id=1108216
Fox News: Critics Slam UN Treaty on Women’s Rights
     http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,54524,00.html

Page 6 of 7  Customary International Law (CIL) as Part of US Law
Breaking Silence: The Case that Changed Human Rights
     http://www.breakingsilence.us
PBS: Trial History — Filártiga v. Peña-Irala
     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/justice/law_background_filartiga.html

Page 7 of 7  Now What Do You Think?
A TIME TO KILL (1996) Plot Summary
     http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0117913/plotsummary
Declaration of Independence
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html
     DeclarationOfIndependence.pdf
Oklahoma City Bombing Trial
     http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mcveigh/mcveightrial.html
Department of Justice Report on Ruby Ridge, Idaho
     http://www.byington.org/Carl/ruby/ruby1.htm
Washington Post: The Waco Siege
     http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/nation/sidebars/waco_background.htm
BBC Country Profile: Rwanda
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/country_profiles/1070265.stm
Quotes about Thoreau’s CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
     http://eserver.org/thoreau/wrkslnks.html
"Transcendental Legacy: Political Reform" by Antonio Casado da Rocha
     http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/roots/legacy/imagesforreform.html
"Philosophy of Law: Civil Disobedience" by Peter Suber
     http://www.earlham.edu/ñpeters/writing/civ-dis.htm
"History of Mass Nonviolent Action" from ACT UP
     http://www.actupny.org/documents/CDdocuments/HistoryNV.html
House of Representatives Support for Genocide Convention
     http://www.congress.gov/cgi-bin/cpquery/R?cp108%3AFLD010%3A%401(hr130)
Prevent Genocide International
     http://www.preventgenocide.org/
Sand Creek Massacre National Historical Site
     http://www.nps.gov/sand/historyculture/index.htm
Wounded Knee Massacre
     http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/woundedknee/WKmscr.html
Cherokee Trail of Tears
     http://www.nps.gov/archive/trte/TRTE/history.htm
Trail of Tears
     http://www.ngeorgia.com/history/nghisttt.html
Profile of American Terror Suspect Zacarias Moussaoui
     http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3067363/site/newsweek/
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacarias_Moussaoui
US Patriot Act
     http://www.fincen.gov/statutes_regs/patriot/index.html
     http://www.epic.org/privacy/terrorism/hr3162.html
International Criminal Court (ICC)
     http://www.hrschool.org/doc/mainfile.php/lesson46/178/
     http://www.un.org/icc/backinfo.htm
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/menus/icc
International Court of Justice (ICJ)
    http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/index.php
Person of Interest
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Person_of_interest
US Constitution
     http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
     http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
Law of Armed Conflict: Basic Knowledge (pdf file)
     http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/5P8EX4/$File/LAW1_final.pdf
Law of Armed Conflict document
     http://milcom.jag.af.mil/ch15/loac.doc
International Law and the Use of Force
     http://www.darkcoding.net/strategy/international-law-and-the-use-of-force/
Hague Law
     Part of International Humanitarian Law: http://www.hrea.org/index.php?doc_id=415
     Full Text: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp
ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm
ICESCR (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm
CEDAW (Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women)
     http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/
CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm
Convention Against Torture
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cat.htm
CERD (International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cerd.htm
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) Summary
Women’s Rights and Economic Change, Number 3, August 2002
     ICESC_Primer.pdf
"Convention on the Rights of the Child", Wikipedia
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_on_the_Rights_of_the_Child
Human Rights Watch: Facts about Child Soldiers
     http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2008/12/03/facts-about-child-soldiers
US Dept. of Labor: Youth and Labor
     http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/youthlabor/
Child Labor in the US
     http://www.stopchildlabor.org/USchildlabor/fact1.htm
The History Place: Child Labor in America
     http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/
Bureau of International Labor Affairs
     http://www.dol.gov/ilab/
International Child Labor Laws
     http://www.rugmark.org/index.php?cid=30
BBC: Gap and Nike: No Sweat
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/panorama/archive/970385.stm
PBS: No Sweat: Labor’s Pains
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business/jan-june97/sweatshops_4-14.html

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
FOUNDATION
Unit VI. International Implementation, Monitoring, and Enforcement

Page 1 of 11  A Case to Consider
GUANTÁNAMO BAY: 7 video reports between Dec. 2007 and January 2010 on PBS
The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
    http://www.pbs.org/newshour/video/module_byid.html?s=news01p6c0
BBC: Legal limbo of Guantánamo’s prisoners
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3034697.stm
MSNBC: Guantánamo detentions ruled unconstitutional
     http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6889654/
US: Pentagon Detention Guidelines Entrench Illegality
     http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/04/07/usdom10440.htm
PBS NewsHour: Allegations of Abuse
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/military/jan-june05/gitmo_6-3.html#

Page 2 of 11  Introduction
Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/remedy.htm
International Protection of Human Rights
     http://www.law-lib.utoronto.ca/resguide/humrtsgu.htm

Page 3 of 11  The United Nations
United Nations System
     http://www.un.org/aboutun/chart.html
United Nations System of Organizations
     http://www.unsystem.org/

Page 4 of 11  The United Nations: Subsidiary Bodies
UN Security Council
     http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/
UN General Assembly
     http://www.un.org/ga/
Reform of Human Rights Commission
     http://www.globalpolicy.org/un-reform/un-reform-topics/human-rights-council.html
"Annan says rights body harming UN"
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4419333.stm

Page 5 of 11  Treaty-Based Monitoring Instruments
US State Dept Assessment on HR violations of every state except US
     http://www.state.gov/g/drl/hr/c1470.htm

Page 6 of 11  International Tribunals
United Nations: International Law
     http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/resguide/specil.htm

Page 7 of 11  International Court of Justice (World Court)
CNN: Two Recent Decisions on Israel’s Security Barrier
     http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/07/13/leavitt.israel.barrier/
International Court of Justice: Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro
     http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?p1=3&p2=3&code=bhy&case=91&k=f4
International Court of Justice
     http://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?p1=1
Nicaragua v. the United States
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicaragua_v._United_States
Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro
     http://www.worldlii.org/int/cases/ICJ/1993/11.html

Page 8 of 11  Ad Hoc Criminal Courts and Hybrid Criminal Courts
Berga: Soldiers of Another War
     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/berga/crimes/mt.html
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
     http://www.ictr.org/default.htm
Milosevic Trial Coverage
     http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/issue_milosevic.htm
Milosevic Tribunal Calls BBC Witness
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2218188.stm
Rebels Face Sierra Leone Tribunal
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3865941.stm
The Special Court for Sierra Leone
     http://www.sc-sl.org
Human Rights First: The Special Court for Sierra Leone
     http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/international_justice/w_context/w_cont_04.htm

Page 9 of 11  International Criminal Court (ICC)
ICC and the Congo
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Situations+and+Cases/Situations/Situation+ICC+0104/
ICC and Uganda
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Situations+and+Cases/Situations/Situation+ICC+0204/
ICC Under Fire Over Uganda Probe
     http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/icc/2005/0223iccfire.htm

Page 10 of 11  Success Depends on Voluntary Cooperation
Toward Successful Peace-Keeping: Remembering Croatia
     http://cac.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/39/4/393
Humanitarian Aid in Afghanistan
     http://kabul.usembassy.gov/isaf.1202_09.html
Israel signals new cooperation with UN over Gaza flotilla
     http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2010/0726/Israel-signals-new-cooperation
-with-UN-over-Gaza-flotilla

Page 11 of 11  Now What Do You Think?
Survivor Stories
     http://cybercambodia.com/dachs/survivors.html
Preventing Genocide: summary of a Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust, 26 - 28 January 2000 presentation)
     http://www.preventgenocide.org/prevent/scherrer.htm
Prevent Genocide International
     http://www.preventgenocide.org/
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
Robert H: Jackson Report to President about Nuremberg Trials
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/imt/jack08.asp
Tokyo War Crimes Trials
     http://cnd.org/mirror/nanjing/NMTT.html
Japan War Crime Trials
     http://www.worldwar2database.com/html/warcrimes.htm
American Forces Press Service: US Withdraws from International Criminal Court Treaty
     http://www.usasurvival.org/no-icc.shtml
Washington College of Law: Human Rights Brief — A Global Court?
     http://www.wcl.american.edu/hrbrief/08/1icc.cfm
Freedom House (non-governmental organization)
     http://www.freedomhouse.org/
Freedom in the World Country Ratings
     http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=439
League of Nations Timeline
     http://worldatwar.net/timeline/other/league18-46.html
League of Nations Photo Archive
     http://www.indiana.edu/ñleague/leaguebook.htm
League of Nations: History Learning Site
     http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/leagueofnations.htm
United Nations: History Learning Site
     http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/united_nations1.htm
United Nations Official Site
     http://www.un.org/english/
Milestones in United Nations History
     http://www.un.org/Overview/milesto4.htm
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
     http://www.ohchr.org/EN/
UN Human Rights
     http://www.un.org/rights/
Human Rights Council (formerly Commission on Human Rights)
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/
US Human Rights Record in 1999
     http://www3.itu.int/MISSIONS/China/humanrights/56thsession/UShumanrights.htm
A Few Good Men Plot Summary
     http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0104257/plotsummary
BBC: Legal limbo of Guantánamo’s prisoners
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3034697.stm
PBS NewsHour: Allegations of Abuse
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/military/jan-june05/gitmo_6-3.html
Wikipedia: Abu Ghraib Torture and Prisoner Abuse
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Ghraib_prisoner_abuse
The New Yorker: Torture at Abu Ghraib
     http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/?040510fa_fact
HRW: The Road to Abu Ghraib
     http://www.hrw.org/reports/2004/usa0604/
Iraqi Prisoner Abuse Courts Martial
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/features/jan-june04/courtmartial_5-19.html
Convention Against Torture
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cat.htm
United Nations System of Organization: Definitions
     http://www.unsystem.org/
United Nations System: Principal Organs Chart
     http://www.un.org/aboutun/unchart.pdf
Principal Organs of the UN
     http://www.un.org/aboutun/mainbodies.htm

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
General

Page 1 of 1  Introduction
Human Security Report Project
     http://www.humansecurityreport.info/
Reuters Foundation: Emergencies
     http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/emergency/
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
International Criminal Court (ICC)
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC/Home
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
     http://www.icty.org/
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
     http://69.94.11.53/default.htm
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Unit I. Myanmar

Page 1 of 5  Introduction
Frontline World video — Burma: State of Fear
     http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/burma601/video_index.html
Nobel Peace Prize, Aung San Suu Kyi
     http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/kyi-bio.html
BBC News Profile, Aung San Suu Kyi
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1950505.stm
Aung San Suu Kyi’s Site
     http://www.dassk.com/index.php
Britannica: National League for Democracy
     http://www.britannica.com/eb/topic-405001/National-League-for-Democracy
Karen Human Rights Group
     http://www.khrg.org/
Myanmar News on Yahoo
     http://news.yahoo.com/topics/myanmar-burma
Newshour Extra: Myanmar
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/features/july-dec07/myanmar_9-26.html
Wikipedia: Aung San Suu Kyi
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aung_San_Suu_Kyi

Page 2 of 5  Current History
Asian Info: Myanmar History
     http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/myanmar/pro-history.htm
National Geographic: Myanmar
     http://www3.nationalgeographic.com/places/countries/country_myanmar.html
Political and Economic History of Myanmar
     http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/burma.htm
World Desk Reference: Burma (Myanmar) Chronology
     http://dev.prenhall.com/divisions/hss/worldreference/MM/chronology.html

Page 3 of 5  Effects of Oppression
Amnesty International: MYANMAR, Torture of Ethnic Minority Women
     http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engASA160172001!Open
Burma Peace Foundation: Dossier on Forced Labour
     http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/reg.burma/archives/199611/msg00099.html
Human Rights Watch: They Came and Destroyed Our Village Again, June 2005
     http://hrw.org/reports/2005/burma0605/
Nation/World: Myanmar’s ethnic minorities endure decades of brutality from the military junta
     http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2007/10/04/news/nation/19_00_2310_3_07.txt
Spiegel Online: The Silent Genocide of Myanmar
     http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,504286,00.html
US State Department: Burma
     http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2006/78768.htm

Page 4 of 5  Responses from the International Community
US: Myanmar expels U.N. diplomat
     http://www.newstrackindia.com/newsdetails/1353
NY Times: Justices Limit the Reach of US Antitrust Law in Transactions
     http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0DE0DB1130F936A25755C0A9629C8B63&sec=health
Reuters: Massachusetts Myanmar Trade Law Struck Down
     http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/reg.burma/archives/199906/msg00440.html

Page 5 of 5  Now What Do You Think?
Application for Asylum Form I-589
     http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=
de9814836a14d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=6ca66d26d17df110VgnVCM
1000004718190aRCRD
The Japanese Government provides grant assistance for Libraries in Myanmar Refugee Camps
     http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/LRON-73UGDZ?OpenDocument
Myanmar's junta faces rebuke at UN General
     http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/world/view_article.php?article_id=90181
Myanmar Refugees in Bangladesh: Nowhere to Go
     http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/pr/2007/03-12-2007.cfm
Myanmar Video Stories on CNN
     http://topics.edition.cnn.com/topics/myanmar
Political Asylum & Refugee Status
     http://www.rapidimmigration.com/usa/1_eng_kit_asylum.html
Resettlement of Myanmar refugees under way from northern Thai camp
     http://www.unhcr.org/news/NEWS/465430f04.html
Seattle Times: Myanmar’s Refugees
     http://www.burmalibrary.org/reg.burma/archives/199906/msg00185.html
Taipei Times: Thai senators blast Myanmar refugee locations
     http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2005/04/24/2003251766
Thousands of Refugees from Myanmar, March 12, 1997
     http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54/082.html
UN Children’s Fund
     http://www.unicef.org/whatwedo/index.html
UN High Commissioner for Refugees
     http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c2.html
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Doctrine (pdf file)
     http://www.netnebraska.org/extras/humanrights/00/0000/media/UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf
US Rebuke to Myanmar Is Defeated by UN Vetoes
     http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/13/world/asia/13nations.html?n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/
Organizations/U/United%20Nations
World Food Organization
     http://www.wfp.org/operations/introduction/relief_operations.asp?section=5&sub_section=1
World Health Organization: Myanmar
     http://www.searo.who.int/EN/Section313/Section1522.htm

Page 5 of 5  Unit References
Amnesty International Report 2007. Myanmar.
     http://archive.amnesty.org/report2007/eng/Regions/Asia-Pacific/Myanmar/default.htm
Background Notes: Burma. State Department.
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm
Conditions in Burma and US Policy Toward Burma for the Period September 28, 2005-March 27, 2006. April 17, 2006. State Department.
     http://2001-2009.state.gov/
US Calls for Release of Aung San Suu Kyi and Other Political Prisoners. May 23, 2007. State Department Press Release.
     http://2001-2009.state.gov/
Myanmar Ethnic Minorities: Targets of Repression. June 2001, Amnesty International.
     http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA160152001?open&of=ENG-MMR
Burma: U.N. Must Act to End Attacks on Karen. May 3, 2006. Human Rights Watch.
     http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2006/05/03/burma-un-must-act-end-attacks-karen
They Came and Destroyed Our Village Again. June 2005. Human Rights Watch.
     http://hrw.org/reports/2005/burma0605/

  FOUNDATION General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI
  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Unit II. Bosnia

Page 1 of 6  Introduction
Frontline World video: Bosnia: The Men Who Got Away
     http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/bosnia502/video_index.html
Saint John’s University, Bosnia Feature Story
     http://www.csbsju.edu/criticalthinking/facultydevelopment/bosnia_feature_story.htm
BBC News: Bosnia-Hercegovina
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/1066886.stm
Peace Pledge Union: Genocide, Bosnia 1995
     http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_bosnia.html
Wikipedia: Bosnia and Herzegovina
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina

Page 2 of 6  Current History
BBC News: Milosevic’s Yugoslavia
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/europe/2000/milosevic_yugoslavia/default.stm
Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia
     http://www.ithaca.edu/gagnon/articles/is/is.htm
Infoplease: Bosnia and Herzegovina
     http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107349.html
US State Department: Bosnia and Herzegovina
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2868.htm
US State Department: Croatia
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3166.htm
US State Department: Macedonia
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26759.htm
US State Department: Montenegro
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/70949.htm
US State Department: Serbia
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5388.htm
US State Department: Slovenia
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3407.htm

Page 3 of 6  Bosnia and the International Court of Justice
The Avalon Project at Yale Law School: Acceptance of Compulsory Jurisdiction of International Court of Justice, August 2, 1946
     http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/decad030.asp
Chinese Journal of International Law: The Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice — How "Compulsory" Is It?
     http://chinesejil.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/5/1/29
International Court of Justice
     http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/index.php?lang=en

Page 4 of 6  Genocide
BBC News: General Ratko Mladic
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1423551.stm
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
Prevent Genocide International Bosnian Resources
     http://www.preventgenocide.org/edu/pastgenocides/formeryugoslavia/resources/
Srebrenica, A Cry from the Grave (video)
     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/cryfromthegrave/
UN Case Information Sheet on Radko Mladic (pdf file)
     http://www.icty.org/x/cases/mladic/cis/en/cis_mladic_en.pdf
UN International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia
     http://www.icty.org/

Page 5 of 6  Responses from the International Community
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
ICJ: Application of the Genocide Convention to Bosnia Case
     http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?sum=479&code=bhy&p1=3&p2=3&case=91&k=f4&p3=5
Jurist: Serbia not guilty of Bosnia genocide but broke law by not preventing Srebrenica
     http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/paperchase/2007/02/icj-serbia-not-guilty-of-bosnia.php

Page 6 of 6  Now What Do You Think?
1995 Congressional Hearings: Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina
     http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/1995_hr/genocideinbosnia.html
The History Place: Genocide in the 20th Century — Bosnia-Herzegovina
     http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/bosnia.htm
Map of Europe 1991
     http://adrianchapman.com/maps/europe_1991_600x540.php

Page 6 of 6  Unit References
BBC News: Timeline: Siege of Srebrenica. June 9, 2005.
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/675945.stm
Frontline/World Rough Cut: Dark Shadows. 2005.
     http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/rough/2005/07/dark_shadowslinks.html
Hawton, Nick, June 1, 2007. Net tightens on fugitive Mladic. BBC News.
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6712903.stm
International Court of Justice: How the Court Works.
     http://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?p1=1&p2=6
International Court of Justice: Press Release, February 26, 2007.
     http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?pr=1897&code=bhy&p1=3&p3=6&case=91&k=f4
International Court of Justice: Summary of the Judgment of 11 July 1996.
     http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?sum=479&code=bhy&p1=3&case=91&k=f4&p3=5
State Department: Background Notes: Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2007.
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2868.htm

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  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Unit III. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Page 1 of 5  Introduction
Wide Angle video: Democracy in the Rough
     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/congo/video.html
Amnesty International: Children at War
     http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/ENGAFR620342003
CIA Fact Book: Democratic Republic of the Congo
     https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html
US Embassy in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
     http://kinshasa.usembassy.gov/
US State Department: Profile Democratic Republic of the Congo
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2823.htm

Page 2 of 5  Current History
BBC News: Timeline of Congo History
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1072684.stm
Biography Laurent Kabila
     http://www.bookrags.com/biography/laurent-kabila/
Hutu-Tutsi Conflict
     http://www.cnn.com/EVENTS/1996/year.in.review/topten/hutu/history.html
International Monetary Fund
     http://www.imf.org/external/
Mobutu Dies in Exile in Morocco
     http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9709/07/mobutu.wrap/
Wikipedia: Mobutu Sese Seko
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobutu_Sese_Seko
MONUC Mission in the Congo
     http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/monuc/
Pretoria Accord
     http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2002/sc7479.doc.htm
RCD
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rally_for_Congolese_Democracy
Rwanda’s Tormentors Emerge from the Forest to Haunt Congo
     http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/congo/2005/0210milpres.htm
Summary of Lusaka Accord 1999
     http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Hornet/irin_72299c.html
The World Bank
     http://www.worldbank.org/

Page 3 of 5  Results of War
Congo: Grappling with Malnutrition and Post-Conflict Woes
     http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=73653
Congolese Face Malnutrition
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1114255.stm
Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Forgotten Emergency
     http://www.fao.org/english/newsroom/news/2002/11168-en.html
DRC: Illegal Resource Exploitation
     http://www.un.org/News/dh/latest/drcongo.htm
Human Rights Watch: Democratic Republic of the Congo (audio story)
     http://www.hrw.org/en/audio/2008/12/10/democratic-republic-congo
Online Newshour: Crisis in the Congo
     http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/africa/jan-june05/congo_4-5.html
Reuters NewsAlert: Violence Makes Congo Access Tough for NGOs
     http://www.alertnet.org/thefacts/reliefresources/108792224396.htm
Seeking Justice: The Prosecution of Sexual Violence in the Congo War
     http://hrw.org/reports/2005/drc0305/
UN Condemns Congo Exploitation
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1666751.stm
UN Panel on Congo Exploitation Calls For Embargo
     http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/congo/2001/0416panl.htm
World Food Programme: The Congo
     http://www.wfp.org/country_brief/indexcountry.asp?country=180

Page 4 of 5  Responses from the International Community
Annan Admits UN DR Congo Abuses
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4027319.stm
Congo News
     http://www.topix.com/world/congo
Questions and Answers on the Arrest of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo
     http://www.amicc.org/docs/Lubanga%20Arrest%20Q&A.pdf
Lubanga Case
     http://www.iccnow.org/?mod=drctimelinelubanga
United Nations Role in the Congo
     http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/united_nations_congo.htm

Page 5 of 5  Now What Do You Think?
Coltan Mining: Conflict in the Green Heart of Africa
     http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/congo_basin_forests/problems/conflict/
Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization by Ellen Messer and Marc J. Cohen (pdf file)
     http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/fcndp206.pdf
Conflicts in Africa: The Democratic Republic of the Congo
     http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Africa/DRC.asp?p=1
Congo War and the Role of Coltan by Natalie D. Ware, American University
     http://www.american.edu/TED/ice/congo-coltan.htm
Definitions of Globalization
     http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:Globalization
&sa=X&oi=glossary_definition&ct=title
The Democratic Republic of the Congo: Guns, Money and Cell Phones
     http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Africa/Articles/TheStandardColtan.asp
DRC: Economic Exploitation, the Arms Trade and Human Rights Abuses
     http://www.amnestyusa.org/countries/dr_congo/economic_exploitation.html
Do American economic interests threaten democracy in the Congo?
     http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=1730
Friends of the Congo: Coltan
     http://www.friendsofthecongo.org/resource-center/coltan.html
Globalization
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization
Mainstream Media: War, Propaganda and the Media
     http://www.globalissues.org/HumanRights/Media/Military.asp
Republic of Congo: Growth Prospects are Strong, but Social, Environmental Pressures from Globalization Need More Attention
     http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/CONGOEXTN/0,,
contentMDK:21163898~menuPK:349218~pagePK:2865066~piPK:2865079~theSitePK:349199,00.html
The Sudan Tribune: Globalization and the African kinship network system: will it sustain?
     http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article16826
Sustainable development, a challenge in a globalized environment by Prof. W. Tim G. Richardson
     http://www.witiger.com/internationalbusiness/globalizationSustainableDevelopment.htm
UN Condemns Congo Exploitation
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1666751.stm
UN Panel on Congo Exploitation Calls for Embargo Against Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda, By Edith Lederer
     http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/congo/2001/0416panl.htm
The Globalization of Disease
    http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2001/fall_globalhealth_barks-ruggles.aspx

Page 5 of 5  Unit References
ICC Newsletter, November 2006, #10.
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/menus/icc/situations%20and%20cases/situations/situation%20icc%200104
/related%20cases/icc %200104%200106/background%20information/icc%20newsletter
%20_10%20_%20november%202006
State Department: Background Notes: Democratic Republic of the Congo, June 2007.
     http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2823.htm

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  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV
GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Unit IV. Darfur

Page 1 of 6  Introduction
Now with David Brancaccio video: Politics and Economy: Journalist Julie Flint on Darfur
     http://www.pbs.org/now/politics/flint.html#
National Geographic News: Sudan’s Lost Boys Come of Age
     http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/02/070206-sudan-video.html
God Grew Tired of Us: Trailer for documentary about Sudan's Lost Boys
    http://www.godgrewtiredofus.com/trailer.html
Frontline World: Sudan
     http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/sudan/links.html
Reuters News. Debating Darfur: What’s at stake? (video)
     http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoChannel=2602&videoId=54309
Reuters News. French President Nicolas Sarkozy calls on the world to be firm with Sudan
     http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoChannel=2602&videoId=58074
Reuters News. The United States orders economic sanctions against Sudan
     http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoChannel=2602&videoId=54848

Page 2 of 6  Current History
BBC World News: Sudan’s Shadowy Arab Militia
     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3613953.stm
CBS News, 60 Minutes: Witnessing Genocide in Sudan
     http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/10/08/60minutes/main648277.shtml
CRS Report for Congress, Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement 2007
     http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/84929.pdf
Documenting Atrocities in Darfur
     http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/36028.htm
Genocide Convention
     http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide6.htm
US Holocaust Memorial Museum: Voices on Genocide Prevention
     http://blogs.ushmm.org/index.php/COC2/
Who are the Janjaweed?
     http://www.slate.com/id/2104210/

Page 3 of 6  Responses from the International Community
African Union
     http://www.africa-union.org/
Coalition for an Effective African Court on Human and Peoples Rights. Darfur: Arrest Warrants Issued Against Ahmad Muhammad Harun and "Ali Kushayb"
     http://www.africancourtcoalition.org/editorial.asp?page_id=78
Relief Web. Sudan: Kuwaiti Red Crescent continues to provide aid to Darfur
     http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/EMAE-78HPNR?OpenDocument
Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia: Saudi Red Crescent Society sends humanitarian aid to Darfur
     http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2007/news/page114.aspx
ICC: The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Mohammad Harun (pdf file)
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/NR/rdonlyres/AB04D7D8-7AE8-4530-92B0-
648DE6EC5E84/282210/HarunKushaybEng.pdf
UN Mission in Sudan
     http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/missions/unmis/

Page 4 of 6  International Red Cross and Red Crescent
American Red Cross
     http://www.redcross.org
American Red Cross Introduction to Humanitarian Law
     http://www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?
vgnextoid=22874749b48bb110VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default
ICRC: Sudan: Responding to a complex humanitarian crisis
     http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/sudan-update-190710?opendocument
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
     http://www.ifrc.org/
US Agency for International Development: Sudan
     http://www.usaid.gov/locations/sub-saharan_africa/sudan/index.html

Page 5 of 6  Peacekeeping, Criminal Justice, Humanitarian Aid
International Crisis Group: Crisis in Darfur
     http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=3060
Oxfam International Humanitarian agencies warn Darfur operations approaching breaking point
     http://www.oxfam.org/en/node/119
UNHCR to resume protection activities in South Darfur
     http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/search?page=search&docid=41a4a8694&query=
UNHCR%20to%20resume%20protection%20activities%20in%20South%20Darfur
USAID from the American People to Sudan
     http://www.usaid.gov/locations/sub-saharan_africa/sudan/darfur.html

Page 6 of 6  Now What Do You Think?
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     http://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/Pages/Introduction.aspx
UniversalDeclarationHumanRights.pdf

Page 6 of 6  Unit References
Berger, Jean-Francois 2006. "Darfur adrift-no end in sight." Red Cross Red Crescent, vol. 3.
     http://www.redcross.int/en/mag/magazine2006_3/focus.html
Franco, Fablen, 2007. Darfur: chronicle of a death foretold. International Committee of the Red Cross Press Article, June 12.
     http://www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/sudan-press-article-120607
International Committee of the Red Cross: Discover The ICRC. September 2005, Geneva Switzerland.
     http://www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/publications_gen?OpenDocument
International Criminal Court Fact Sheet: The Situation in Darfur, the Sudan. February 5, 2007.
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/asp_docs/library/organs/otp/ICC-OTP_Fact-Sheet-Darfur-20070227_en.pdf
IICC Press Release: ICC Prosecutor Presents Evidence on Darfur Crimes. 02/27/2007.
     http://www.icc-cpi.int/menus/icc/situations%20and%20cases/situations/situation%20icc%200205/press%
20releases/icc%20prosecutor%20presents%20evidence%20on%20darfur%20crimes
Powell, Colin L., Testimony before Senate Foreign Relations Committee. September 9, 2004.
     http://www.ithaca.edu/faculty/cduncan/375/powell.doc
State Department: Background Note: Sudan. March 2007. Ibid.
     http://www.state.gov/p/af/ci/su/
White House Press Release: Fact Sheet: Stop the Genocide in Darfur. April 18, 2007.
     http://www.whitehouse.gov/

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  GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY General Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV